Grammar - Phrasal Verbs

Introduction

 

A phrasal verb is made up of a verb and a preposition, a verb and an adverb, or a verb with both an adverb and a preposition. They form a complete semantic unit, and a phrasal verb often has a meaning which is different from the original verb. Prepositions and adverbs used in a phrasal verb are also called particles.

There are four types of phrasal verbs:

1. Verbs with no object (Intransitive verbs): The plane takes off at 5 pm.
2. Verbs with an object (Transitive verbs): Take off your jacket.
In this case, the verb and the particle can be separated when the object is a noun: Take your jacket off, but not when the object is a pronoun:
Take it off

Take off it.

   3. Verbs with an object where the preposition and the verb cannot be separated:

He is looking for a job.

   4. Verbs followed by two particles (prepositions or adverbs). They cannot be separated:

He got away with it.

(To check the meaning of the verbs, you can access an online dictionary such as Wordreference, or check the Resources section in the unit)